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Thus we differentiate between the titles of novels and journals, say, and the titles of shorter poems, short stories, articles, and episodes (for television shows).The titles of these shorter pieces would be surrounded with double quotation marks. Italicize the titles of comic books, manga, and graphic novels, but put the titles of individual comic strips in quotation marks.
If there are extra bits, such as the ‘s plural, italicize them as well. Be consistent within your text and with some one style sheet throughout once you’ve chosen a convention to use. If you choose to use quotation marks instead of italics, use only single quote: The word ‘the’, which is a determiner, is more specific than the words ‘a’ or ‘an’, also determiners.
Use italics or quotation marks for foreign words, or earlier forms of an English word (Old English, Middle English) that would seem foreign to the present day reader.
(27) Put colons and semicolons outside closing quotation marks.
Williams described the experiment as “a definitive step forward”; other scientists disagreed.
Benedetto emphasizes three elements of what she calls her “Olympic journey”: family support, personal commitment, and great coaching.
Unless your professor or publisher insists, use underscoring only for creating live links.General Logic: Underscore was originally used on typewriters because it was impossible to use italics given that there was only one set of keys.These days, underscore often means that a word is ‘hot’ on the computer, and with so much electronic transmission, I would advise against its use for other meanings than that.Only italicize very long UTube videos such as hour long TED Talks. In general, always defer to the publication’s choices. Here are some specific examples: Artworks: Michelangelo’s It may have caused brain damage.The last words I’ll remember as I grow old and ready to die will probably be, “Things may happen, and often do, to people as brainy and footsy as you” Notes: 1)Do not add an additional period to end such sentences.The great march of “progress” has left millions impoverished and hungry.For words used as words themselves or for technical or unfamiliar terms used for the first time (and defined), use italics. Use a comma to introduce a quotation after a standard dialogue tag, a brief introductory phrase, or a dependent clause. Nachas explains, “The gestures used for greeting others differ greatly from one culture to another.” D. Nachas explains cultural differences in greeting customs: “Touching is not a universal sign of greeting.Examples: “He asked,” “She stated,” “According to Bronson,” or “As Shakespeare wrote.” Use a colon to introduce a quotation after an independent clause. While members of European cultures meet and shake hands as a gesture of greeting, members of Asian cultures bow to indicate respect.” He said, “I may forget your name, but I never remember a face.” History is stained with blood spilled in the name of “civilization.” Mullen, criticizing the apparent inaction, writes, “Donahue’s policy was to do nothing” (27).Note: When parenthetical information falls within the closing punctuation, the information is shown to pertain only to that sentence.Use them with care, however; overuse of italics and quotation marks is often seen as affected and patronizing. “He likes to talk about football,” she said, “especially when the Super Bowl is coming up.Note: Whether directly quoting, paraphrasing, or summarizing material, ALWAYS cite your sources. A good place to start is MLA’s page on Plagiarism and Academic Dishonesty. Use single quotation marks for a quotation enclosed inside another quotation.