And children who view themselves as targets of bullying show high levels of anxiety and depression that impede their school performance. Finding from a National Study." Teachers College Record, 87, 356-373.
 Bullying and more serious violent behavior are not separate problems.
Unfortunately, the assumptions are rarely questioned, and these approaches might not work as well as we wish. "A Structural Analysis of School Violence and Disruption: Implications for Creating Safer Schools." Education and Treatment of Children, 22, August, 333-356.
Each of these approaches is discussed in more detail below. "President to Trim Clinton's Community Policing Program; Law: Hiring Initiative Is Seen as a Key Force in Fighting Crime.
The publicity that school shootings have received is a likely cause of fear. In addition to their Concerns about violent behavior, students are fearful of and intimidated by other, less serious forms of peer hostility.
These include physical aggression such as shoving and pushing, face-to-face verbal harassment, public humiliation, and rumor mongering.
Childhood bullying predicts person-oriented crime in young adulthood.Thus, bullying is one precursor of more extreme forms of hostility.
In addition, a small but potentially volatile group of youth not only perceive themselves as the victims of peer taunting and ridicule, but are also aggressive themselves. Although more research is needed to identify the conditions under which victims of bullying are most likely to lash out, it is clear that hostilities among school children increase the risk for subsequent violence. Faced with intense public pressure, school administrators are taking action and implementing programs designed to curb school violence.
Metal detectors and searches of student lockers and book bags are not uncommon, especially in large urban middle and high schools.
Indeed, fewer weapons are confiscated with these measures in place than are confiscated without them, implying that students are bringing weapons to school less frequently.