Early examples of travel literature include Pausanias' Description of Greece in the 2nd century CE, the Journey Through Wales (1191) and Description of Wales (1194) by Gerald of Wales, and the travel journals of Ibn Jubayr (1145–1214) and Ibn Battuta (1304–1377), both of whom recorded their travels across the known world in detail.
The travel genre was a fairly common genre in medieval Arabic literature.
Travel writing may be found on web sites, in periodicals, on blogs and in books. Morton, the Americans Bill Bryson and Paul Theroux, and Welsh author Jan Morris are or were widely acclaimed as travel writers (though Morris has frequently claimed herself as a writer of 'place' rather than travel per se).
It has been produced by a variety of writers, including travelers, military officers, missionaries, explorers, scientists, pilgrims, social and physical scientists, educators, and migrants. Paul Theroux was awarded the 1981 James Tait Black Memorial Prize for his novel The Mosquito Coast, which was adapted for the 1986 movie of the same name.
Travel literature often intersects with essay writing, as in V. Naipaul's India: A Wounded Civilization (1976), whose trip became the occasion for extended observations on a nation and people.
This is similarly the case in Rebecca West's work on Yugoslavia, Black Lamb and Grey Falcon (1941).One early travel memoirist in Western literature was Pausanias, a Greek geographer of the 2nd century AD.In the early modern period, James Boswell's Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides (1786) helped shape travel memoir as a genre.In the mid-15th century, Gilles le Bouvier, in his Livre de la description des pays, gave us his reason to travel and write: Because many people of diverse nations and countries delight and take pleasure, as I have done in times past, in seeing the world and things therein, and also because many wish to know without going there, and others wish to see, go, and travel, I have begun this little book. 1552–1616) published Voyages, a foundational text of the travel literature genre.In the 18th Century, travel literature was commonly known as the book of travels, which mainly consisted of maritime diaries.It tells of the years that he lived as a child with his siblings and widowed mother on the Greek island of Corfu between 19.It describes the life of the Durrell family in a humorous manner, and explores the fauna of the island.Sometimes a writer will settle into a locality for an extended period, absorbing a sense of place while continuing to observe with a travel writer's sensibility.Examples of such writings include Lawrence Durrell's Bitter Lemons (1957), Deborah Tall's The Island of the White Cow: Memories of an Irish Island (1986), and Peter Mayle's best-selling A Year in Provence (1989) and its sequels.Different kinds of guide books exist, focusing on different aspects of travel, from adventure travel to relaxation, or aimed at travelers with different incomes, or focusing on sexual orientation or types of diet.Travel guides can also take the form of travel websites.