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Georgia, which occurred as a result of the refusal of Missionaries Samuel A.Worcester and Elizur Butler to comply with an 1830 Georgia law which required all white people who were living in what was considered Cherokee country to obtain a license from the governor.In the book “Cherokee Legends and Trail of Tears,” he wrote about attending a festival at Echata on Christmas night 1829.
They were subsequently moved into stockades that had been built in North Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee.
A total of 31 forts were constructed for the purpose of holding the Cherokee until the actual removal west to Indian Territory would begin.
He also wrote that in the year of 1828 he had known that an Indian boy had lived on Ward creek.
This boy sold a Gold nugget to a white trader, which sealed the doom of the tribe.
Those Native Americans who currently occupied the Eastern lands involved in the exchange would be removed to the Western land locations.
Many Native American tribes other than the Cherokee were removed from their lands; however, the one which attracted the most attention and ultimately was the most publicized was that of the Cherokee.Attempts To Repeal Act Between 18, when the actual forced removal of the Cherokee began, the leaders of the Cherokee nation including Chief John Ross, his envoy Chief Junaluska and other well-educated, high-ranking members of the Cherokee, made several efforts to have the Indian Removal Act repealed or to at least have it changed to where the Cherokee would be able to remain on their native lands. These efforts included actually pleading their case before the Supreme Court (United States v. The Cherokee nation actually scored a victory in this case when Chief Justice John Marshall, who wrote the decision for the Supreme Court majority, declared that Georgia State Law applied to the Cherokee nation since it was, in fact, a “domestic independent nation.”The following year, however, saw a reversal of that decision, specifically through Worcester v.Other efforts to stop the removal included petitioning then-President of the United States Andrew Jackson for protection for the Cherokee people.Even after hearing Chief Junaluska’s impassioned plea for protection for his people, however, President Jackson told Junaluska, “Sir, your audience is ended, there is nothing I can do for you.”Treaty Party & The Treaty of New Echota To add further insult to injury it was a group of Cherokees known as the Treaty Party, led by Major Ridge and his son John as well as Elias Boudinot and his brother Stand Watie, who began meeting with the Federal Government for the purpose of negotiating a treaty with them.Of these 31 forts, 13 were located in Georgia, 5 in North Carolina, 8 in Tennessee, and 5 in Alabama.Each post was located near existing Cherokee towns, and served only as temporary housing facilities for the Cherokees.The Indian Removal Act In 1830, the Indian Removal Act was passed.The Indian Removal Act gave the executive branch of the U. Government the authority to negotiate with Native Americans for their lands that were located in the Eastern United States to be exchanged for lands west of the Mississippi River.The tribe later had no choice but to adopt new ways of living if they hoped to remain alive in a harsh, new environment.Between 18, however, the pressure for removal of more Native Americans including the Cherokee tribes, began to increase.They were also required to pledge an oath of allegiance to the State of Georgia.Their subsequent conviction and imprisonment led to Missionary Worcester to make an appeal to the Supreme Court.