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It is pertinent to highlight that hands-free phones have also similar negative impacts during driving; both distracts attention, although hands-free cell phones do not require manual handling.(Sturnguist, 2006)The nature of conversation on cell phones during driving differs and can have distinctive impacts on drivers.Other main reason for the explosive growth of cell phones is the safety aspect.
The complexity of conversation draws more attention of drivers, while simple or casual conversation is less distracting, however, both may produce same consequences.
As such, the more complex a situation is higher are chances of distraction that presents a threat to road safety.
Because of diversion in attention drivers reacts slowly to the traffic signals, missing them at times.
Decision making during driving is a critical factor giving drivers fraction of a second to make a swift decision about a given complex scenario.
(Gravelle, 2005)The main advantage to avoid using cell phone during driving is ensuring safety of driver, vehicle, and other people driving on the road.
By making conversation, writing messages, or just playing with the mobile increases the chances of accidents.Focus of the driver is not on the road or traffic and it becomes difficult to handle phone and vehicle at one time.Cell phones during driving also reduce the mental capacity of drivers as they fail to concentrate on minor or major activities happening around them.Studies have highlighted those drivers using cell phones react slowly and often make wrong decision causing serious accidents involving other vehicles also.(Gravelle, 2005)Drivers demonstrates comparatively slower braking responses and also had low awareness of other traffic flowing through the roads ignoring their presence concentrating more on cell phones and less on roads as how other drivers are behaving.The perception, vision, general awareness, and concentration of the driver are impacted while communicating on a cell phone during driving.Especially during bad weather or driving on slippery roads, drivers engage in conversation pay less attention to these areas increasing risks of fatal accidents.Cell phones provide communication with greater flexibility.It is, nowadays considered less fashion and more a utility providing several benefits.(Scotti, 2007)There are number of traditional ways that distracts driver's attention.They include talking to passengers, lighting and smoking a cigarette, eating, drinking etc.