The eastern half became the Byzantine Empire, with its capital at Constantinople (modern Istanbul). Some see the rise of Christianity as putting an end to the Romans; those who disagree with that find the rise of Islam a more fitting bookend to the end of the empire—but that would put the Fall of Rome at Constantinople in 1453!
In the end, the arrival of Odoacer was but one of many barbarian incursions into the empire.
Emperors moved the capital away from the city of Rome, too.
The schism of east and west created not just an eastern capital first in Nicomedia and then Constantinople, but also a move in the west from Rome to Milan.
Overview and History Timeline of Ancient Rome Early History of Rome The Roman Republic Republic to Empire Wars and Battles Roman Empire in England Barbarians Fall of Rome Cities and Engineering The City of Rome City of Pompeii The Colosseum Roman Baths Housing and Homes Roman Engineering Roman Numerals Daily Life Daily Life in Ancient Rome Life in the City Life in the Country Food and Cooking Clothing Family Life Slaves and Peasants Plebeians and Patricians Arts and Religion Ancient Roman Art Literature Roman Mythology Romulus and Remus The Arena and Entertainment People Augustus Julius Caesar Cicero Constantine the Great Gaius Marius Nero Spartacus the Gladiator Trajan Emperors of the Roman Empire Women of Rome Other Legacy of Rome The Roman Senate Roman Law Roman Army Glossary and Terms Ancient Rome was a powerful and important civilization that ruled much of Europe for nearly 1000 years.
The culture of Ancient Rome was spread throughout Europe during its rule.By clicking “Accept and Continue” below, (1) you consent to these activities unless and until you withdraw your consent using our rights request form, and (2) you consent to allow your data to be transferred, processed, and stored in the United States.The phrase "the Fall of Rome" suggests that some cataclysmic event ended the Roman Empire which had stretched from the British Isles to Egypt and Iraq.Certainly, the people who lived through the takeover would probably be surprised by the importance we place on determining an exact event and time.Just as the Fall of Rome was not caused by a single event, the way Rome fell was also complex.The Republic would rule Rome for hundreds of years from around 509 BC to 45 BC.The Roman Empire In 45 BC Julius Caesar took over the Roman Republic and made himself the supreme dictator. A few years later, in 27 BC, Caesar Augustus became the first Roman Emperor and this was the start of the Roman Empire.They had a complex government with written laws, a constitution, and a balance of powers.These concepts became very important in forming future democratic governments, like the United States.In fact, during the period of imperial decline, the empire actually expanded.That influx of conquered peoples and lands changed the structure of the Roman government.