In beginning this work, the research team identified multiple approaches to youth violence.We identified multiple theories in criminology, psychology, human development, and public health, and frameworks for how professionals and academics in those fields approach youth violence as a problem.In 2013, assault by firearm was the leading cause of death due to interpersonal violence, with 180,000 such deaths estimated to have occurred.
In beginning this work, the research team identified multiple approaches to youth violence.We identified multiple theories in criminology, psychology, human development, and public health, and frameworks for how professionals and academics in those fields approach youth violence as a problem.Tags: Ccad Application EssayBusiness Plan Sample WordRomeo Meets Juliet EssayFreud Three Essays On The Theory Of Sexuality OnlineLab Support On AssignmentEvaluate Definition In An EssayTotal Quality Management AssignmentHow To Write A Outline For A Research PaperHow To Write An Abstract For A Research Paper Apa StyleWriting A Critical Analysis Paper
The former includes suicidal thoughts, attempted suicides – also called para suicide or deliberate self-injury in some countries – and completed suicides.
Self-abuse, in contrast, includes acts such as self-mutilation.
Strategies addressing the underlying causes of violence can be relatively effective in preventing violence, although mental and physical health and individual responses, personalities, etc.
have always been decisive factors in the formation of these behaviors.
If the framework sees youth violence as a community health problem, such as in public health, then strategies might include education, treatment, and prevention.
The Youth Violence Systems Project has chosen the social ecological theory as our foundational framework for this Youth Violence Systems Project Model. of University of Dayton, cites Urie Brofenbrenner in defining the Ecological Systems Theory as:an approach to study of human development that consists of the 'scientific study of the progressive, mutual accommodation, throughout the life course, between an active, growing human being, and the changing properties of the immediate settings in which the developing person lives, as this process is affected by the relations between these settings, and by the larger contexts in which the settings are embedded.'This theory has been adapted in the public health field and evolved into the social ecological theory, which involves intervention at both the intrapersonal and interpersonal level.
These frameworks guide the goals and strategies in each field's programming and response to youth violence.
For example, if the framework is based in a criminal agent model, then programs might focus on rehabilitation or punishment of youth.
This research literature review organizes information in the following sections: general resources, the individual and violence, relational, community, and society.