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South Africa is a land of abundant natural resources, mild climate, and fertile lands.Resources range from diamond and gold to platinum, and the land is fertile enough to feed the rest of the world if cultivated intensively.
In 1993, he received the Nobel Peace prize on behalf of all the South Africans who suffered to bring peace to the land. Apartheid did not receive any international attention when the laws were first created in 1948.
The rise of the civil rights movement in the United States and the revolt of colonial rule in Asia and Africa drew attention to the situation in South Africa (see African American Studies and Postcolonialism).
Once arrested, many died in custody, or were sentenced to prison for life.
Nelson Mandela became involved with the ANC, African National Congress during the peak of the Second World War.
The country that would become South Africa was, at this time, fragmented into four major colonies.
By 1910, the four colonies were joined together under the Act of the Union, and the British handed the administration of the country over to the white locals.
The emergency continued for 156 days, leaving 69 people dead and 190 wounded.
Many feared political protest, even if non-violent, because of the severe consequences which followed.
His job was to travel around the country, organizing resistance against discrimination.
Because of his role in the ANC, Mandela was convicted of violating the Suppression of Communism Act and sent to a Johannesburg prison for six months.