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Men must be on their guard against those who say that the pope’s pardons are that inestimable gift of God by which man is reconciled to Him;34.For these “graces of pardon” concern only the penalties of sacramental satisfaction, and these are appointed by man.35.It is certain that when the penny jingles into the money-box, gain and avarice can be increased, but the result of the intercession of the Church is in the power of God alone.29.
Therefore by “full remission of all penalties” the pope means not actually “of all,” but only of those imposed by himself.21.
Therefore those preachers of indulgences are in error, who say that by the pope’s indulgences a man is freed from every penalty, and saved;22.
Out of love for the truth and the desire to bring it to light, the following propositions will be discussed at Wittenberg, under the presidency of the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and of Sacred Theology, and Lecturer in Ordinary on the same at that place. Our Lord and Master Jesus Christ, when He said Poenitentiam agite, willed that the whole life of believers should be repentance.2.
Wherefore he requests that those who are unable to be present and debate orally with us, may do so by letter. This word cannot be understood to mean sacramental penance, i.e., confession and satisfaction, which is administered by the priests.3.
Many are rather mundane, some are difficult to understand in our time, and still others would not even be held by Luther himself in later years.
Reason Martin Luther Posted 95 Thesis
Nevertheless, this event and the results of it are what lead to the Protestant Reformation.The pope does well when he grants remission to souls [in purgatory], not by the power of the keys (which he does not possess), but by way of intercession.27.They preach man who say that so soon as the penny jingles into the money-box, the soul flies out [of purgatory].28.Rare as is the man that is truly penitent, so rare is also the man who truly buys indulgences, i.e., such men are most rare.32.They will be condemned eternally, together with their teachers, who believe themselves sure of their salvation because they have letters of pardon.33.This was not an act of defiant vandalism but was instead a fairly common occurrence for inviting academic discussion.The 95 points that Luther wished to have discussed are not all equally controversial.It must needs be, therefore, that the greater part of the people are deceived by that indiscriminate and highsounding promise of release from penalty.25.The power which the pope has, in a general way, over purgatory, is just like the power which any bishop or curate has, in a special way, within his own diocese or parish.26.Yet it means not inward repentance only; nay, there is no inward repentance which does not outwardly work divers mortifications of the flesh.4.The penalty [of sin], therefore, continues so long as hatred of self continues; for this is the true inward repentance, and continues until our entrance into the kingdom of heaven.5.