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The city of Las Vegas became the ultimate expression of postmodern architecture.Theorists associated with postmodernism often used the term to mark a new cultural epoch in the West.This subject examines avant-garde and postmodern art and film during the 20th century.
Australia has been theorised by Paul Taylor and Paul Foss, editors of the influential journal Art & Text, as already postmodern, by virtue of its culture of “second-degree” – its uniquely unoriginal, antipodal appropriations of European culture.
If the language of postmodernism waned in the 1990s in favour of postcolonialism, the events of 9/11 in 2001 marked its exhaustion.
It wasn’t such a bad answer, because concepts such as “reality”, “truth” and “humanity” are invariably put under scrutiny by thinkers and “texts” associated with postmodernism.
Postmodernism is often viewed as a culture of quotations. The very structure of the television show quotes the classic era of the family sitcom.
Modernism was a diverse art and cultural movement in the late 19th and early 20th centuries whose common thread was a break with tradition, epitomised by poet Ezra Pound’s 1934 injunction to “make it new! Modernism insists on a clear divide between art and popular culture.
But like modernism, postmodernism does not designate any one style of art or culture.The difficulty of defining postmodernism as a concept stems from its wide usage in a range of cultural and critical movements since the 1970s.Postmodernism describes not only a period but also a set of ideas, and can only be understood in relation to another equally complex term: modernism. Postmodernism is best understood as a questioning of the ideas and values associated with a form of modernism that believes in progress and innovation.But the origins of these strategies lay with Dada artist Marcel Duchamp, and the Pop artists of the 1960s in whose work culture had become a raw material.After all, Andy Warhol was the direct progenitor of the kitsch consumerist art of Jeff Koons in the 1980s.In his 1982 essay Postmodernism and Consumer Society, Jameson set out the major tropes of postmodern culture.These included, to paraphrase: the substitution of pastiche for the satirical impulse of parody; a predilection for nostalgia; and a fixation on the perpetual present.Postmodernism can also be a project, revealing the cultural constructions we designate as truth and opening up a variety of repressed other histories of modernity.Such as those of women, homosexuals and the colonised.For philosopher Jean-François Lyotard, the postmodern condition was defined as “incredulity towards metanarratives”; that is, a loss of faith in science and other emancipatory projects within modernity, such as Marxism.Marxist literary theorist Fredric Jameson famously argued postmodernism was “the cultural logic of late capitalism” (by which he meant post-industrial, post-Fordist, multi-national consumer capitalism).