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He is very confused by what he sees but finally he realizes that the shadows are just a representation of what is really there.The prisoner is forced to go out of the cave, his eyes begin to adjust to the sun light, and he can’t look at anything more than shadows.Metaphorically speaking, the cave is a physical world filled with imperfect images.
Because of their limited vision (lack of movement), those men can only see their own shadow and the shadow of different sculptures that pass over the wall, which are carried by other men they can’t see.
One of those prisoners is released and starts walking around the cave.
The flaw that Plato speaks about is trusting as real, what one sees - believing absolutely that what one sees is true.
In The Allegory of the Cave, the slaves in the caves know that the shadows, thrown on the wall by the fire behind them, are real. Humans need to use their whole soul to learn, not just use their eyes.
Both eyes are used to perceive what is supposed to be reality, but the two see completely different worlds.
For instance, inside the cave the prisoner uses his “bodily eye” to see the world of shadow “puppets”.
He truly believes that these shadows are complete reality because his “bodily eye” tells him so.
When he is released from the cave, he uses his “mind’s eye” to see the sun, moon, stars, and water.
They have been there since their childhood and they can barely move their heads.
Behind them, at the distance, there is a blazing fire, and between the fire and the prisoners there is a wall meant for objects to pass.