These women are not simply defending their people and their land, they also see their armed struggle as an opportunity to escape the patriarchal societies they still live in, societies in which women are still , it is clear that most Kurdish women do not usually have access to education.When they join the YPG, women learn how to read and write.
These women are not simply defending their people and their land, they also see their armed struggle as an opportunity to escape the patriarchal societies they still live in, societies in which women are still , it is clear that most Kurdish women do not usually have access to education.When they join the YPG, women learn how to read and write.Tags: Business Plan For An Established BusinessClassical Civilisation CourseworkContribute Diversity EssayLanguage Features Of Discursive EssayReindeer Writing PaperAddition And Subtraction Problem SolvingMy Mother Essay For 1st ClassTips For Writing A Good Research Paper
Kurds have routinely been arrested and tortured for any expression of their cultural identity or opposition to Turkey’s one-flag, one-people, one-nation ideology, which originated in the early twentieth century, found full expression in Kemalism, and has endured under the authoritarian rule of President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his Islamist party.
Like other national liberation movements of the 1970s, the PKK was originally founded to win an independent Kurdish state.
In the chaos of the Middle East, these female fighters appear as a light in the dark.
At least that’s what the media is trying to tell us.
Transported to the remote Turkish island of Imrali, in the inland Sea of Marmara, Öcalan was tried and convicted on treason charges.
His death sentence was commuted to life imprisonment because Turkey was then trying to enter the European Union, which opposes capital punishment.The spasmodic, pogrom-like violence to which these “new” nation states have subjected Kurds has included chemical gassings, bombings, forced relocations, ecological devastation, and the razing of entire villages.In the decades since 1984, when the PKK initiated an armed struggle, some 40,000 people have been killed, most of whom have been Kurds.The Patriotic Union of Kurdistan in Iraq created the first female unit in 1996.In Syria, the Women’s Protection Units (YPJ) was founded in 2013 as the autonomous armed wing of the Democratic Union Party (PYD) and female equivalent of the People’s Protection Unit (YPG).This differentiation allows them to gain some legitimacy.Indeed, the YPG/YPJ are ideologically affiliated to the PKK, which is regarded as a terrorist organization by the United States and the European Union for its actions against Turkey.Romanticizing their armed participation against ISIS fails to capture the reality of their struggle.One mild spring day in Vermont in April 2004, my father, the historian and philosopher Murray Bookchin, was chatting with me, as we did almost daily.It sought to unite the Kurds, whose homeland of five millennia, a swath of land known as Kurdistan, had been arbitrarily parceled out between Turkey, Iran, Iraq, and Syria in the aftermath of World War I.In the decades that followed, it has often seemed as if these four countries were competing for the distinction of which could inflict more suffering on its Kurdish population.