For example, some journals make additional use of anti-plagiarism software, organise separate reviews of the author's methods and statistics, or examine the submitted illustrations to detect whether they have been manipulated.
Finally, the reviewer will also rate the 'readability' of the work, assessing how logically the argument has been constructed and whether the conclusions are well-founded.
In addition, the author of the work will generally receive useful advice on how to improve their work.
Submissions with serious failings will be rejected, though they can be re-submitted once they have been thoroughly revised.
If a work is rejected, this does not necessarily mean it is of poor quality.
Be sure to look at the criteria in each category when making your determination, rather than basing your decision on only one piece of information.
How do you know if an article is from a peer-reviewed journal? Type the JOURNAL TITLE () into the search box, and click the green search button. For example, editorials may not be peer reviewed but research articles generally will be.
The reviewer also examines the methodology to determine whether the author's results can be reproduced, and he or she assesses the novelty and originality of the research findings.
If a work involves patients or animals, then the peer review will also cover ethical aspects.
Another reason a paper may be rejected is that the reviewers do not agree that the approach taken by the author is innovative.
There are also some journals which take a more relaxed stance in regard to originality and focus more on the extent to which the author has followed correct scientific procedures.