A sentence of imprisonment constitutes only a deprivation of the basic right to liberty.
It does not entail the restriction of other human rights, with the exception of those which are naturally restricted by the very fact of being in prison.
War on Drugs is an expression applied commonly to the campaign against illegal drugs by the U. The population of the United States is about 5 percent of the worldwide population.
When compared to crime stricken countries like Brazil and Mexico, the population of prisoners in the U. In 100, 000 adults in Mexico, there are 208 prisoners while there are 242 prisoners in Brazil.
It also makes some recommendations before its conclusion.
However, she has the highest populations of prisoners that represent 25 percent of the world's jailed persons.In most countries HIV infection in prisons is significantly higher than within the population outside prison, especially where drug addiction and risk behaviours are prevalent.Prison staff are also vulnerable to most of the diseases of which prisoners are at risk.For instance, in 2012, Folsom State Prison's total number of convicts was 2,912 yet the designated population should be 2,469 prisoners. Instead of focusing on incarcerating people, it should focus on rehabilitating them through community rehabilitation centers.In San Quentin State Prison, there were 4,223 inmates yet the carrying capacity of the prison is just 3,082 prisoners. The campaign has not led to the discouragement and the elimination of production, distribution, and utilization of illegal drugs. Again, the campaign ought to focus on the key people involved in the production of illegal drugs.The state government attributed the overcrowding to the increase in the number of drug convicts as they represented the highest number of convicts. It should target cartels while proffering rehabilitation assistances to the users and distributors.In conclusion, War on Drug as a campaign against the use, production, and distribution of illegal drugs has caused a rise in the number of people jailed in America.Prison reform is necessary to ensure that this principle is respected, the human rights of prisoners protected and their prospects for social reintegration increased, in compliance with relevant international standards and norms.Imprisonment disproportionately affects individuals and families living in poverty.When an income generating member of the family is imprisoned the rest of the family must adjust to this loss of income.The impact can be especially severe in poor, developing countries where the state does not provide financial assistance to the indigent and where it is not unusual for one breadwinner to financially support an extended family network.