Operant Conditioning Essay

They also believed that learning is similar in both humans and animals.Operant conditioning is a learning model through which people are rewarded or punished for their behavior.In another study, a rat would be placed in a Skinner box.

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By trying to side only with one or the other, the subject would have a very one sided way of looking at things.

I believe that you need a combination of both in order to create a well-rounded adult who can think on their own.

Reinforcement is that event that seeks to encourage the occurrence of a behavior. To study reinforcement, Skinner used rats and the Skinner box. Whenever the rat touched the lever, a food pellet would drop (Linskie 2005).

Within no time the rat had learnt that by touching the lever, it would be able to get food.

Operant Conditioning Brian Sopko University of Phoenix 12/5/13 Dena High Rodgers Operant conditioning (or instrumental conditioning) is a type of learning in which an individual's behavior is modified by its consequences; the behaviour may change in form, frequency, or strength. Operant behavior operates on the environment and is maintained by its consequences, while classical conditioning deals with the conditioning of reflexive (reflex) behaviors which are elicited by antecedent conditions.

Operant conditioning is a term that was coined by B. Behaviors conditioned via a classical conditioning procedure are not maintained by consequences (Domjan, 2003).While both lead the person or animal in the desired behavioral direction, they have their own differing approaches; one being reward, the other being the loss of something valued by the person or animal.I believe both positive and negative reinforcement are equally effective and equally ineffective.By rewarding good behavior with positive reinforcement and bad behavior with negative reinforcement, the individual will have a balanced sense of right and wrong, but also very quickly eliminate any undesirable behaviors and continue desirable ones.Personally, I would attempt to apply operant conditioning to any child showing sociopathic tendencies.Negative reinforcement is when a certain stimulus/item is removed after a particular behavior is exhibited.The likelihood of the particular behavior occurring again in the future is increased because of removing/avoiding the negative stimuli.This means that for every behavior, there is a consequence.The theory attempts to change behavior by using either reinforcement or punishment.Negative reinforcement should not be thought of as a punishment procedure.With negative reinforcement, you are increasing a behavior, whereas with punishment, you are decreasing a behavior.

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    The operant conditioning of same reactions in rats, pigeons, and monkeys is well-known to each and every student in an introductory psychology lessons What is possibly not so well-known is the commonness of operant conditioning; it happens in organisms whose evolutionary paths deviate considerably from that of the vertebrates.…

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    Classical and Operant Conditioning Classical conditioning is a basic form of learning in which one stimulus comes to serve as a signal for the occurrence of a second stimulus. During classical conditioning, organisms acquire information about the relations between various stimuli, not simple associations between them. Psychology, pg. 170.…

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    Operant conditioning sometimes referred to as instrumental conditioning is a method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. Through operant conditioning, an association is made between a behavior and a consequence for that behavior.…

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