Although principles of ethics may not present assertive answers, adhering to the principles can provide guidance to decisions being made upon the patient. Imposing harm is considered to be negligent if not issued appropriately. Confidentiality and Privacy: Protecting the duty of confidentiality is a vital component in maintaining ethical standards within the healthcare setting. The Health Services Act (1988), (Vic) states, health professionals should impose themselves to compel in maintaining silence regarding patient information and details.
Privacy consists of the appropriate handling of information.
Patients have the right to understand the reasoning of information about them being obtained, and know who will view the information.
The 1986 English House of Lords judgment, Gillick v Wisbech (1986) Area Health Authority case, issues the ability of a health professional to prescribe contraceptive pills to a person under the age of 16 without the consent of a parent. In the case of Taylah, she is 14 years of age, and therefore considered to be a minor.
Visiting nurse Pam for contraceptive options, Pam is liable for ensuring Taylah understands information regarding the treatment prior to giving consent and providing appropriate advice on treatment.