Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student.This is not an example of the work produced by our Law Essay Writing Service.To develop their theories of government they started with man in his original condition, or “the state of nature”.
They considered that such a stateless autonomous condition could not prevail if man was to move beyond a primitive existence .
This could only be achieved if man could be guided by natural law that would lead them to a developed social and political life .
Natural law theory held that there were immutable principals of law that existed as part of the natural world that define what is right, just and good for man.
These principals were discoverable by the use of reason and all men were subject to these laws.
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Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of Law Teacher.Hobbes published Leviathan, or the Matter, Form and Power of a Commonwealth, Ecclesiastical and Civil in 1651, writing that his book was “occasioned by the disorders of the present time.” (leviathan).Locke published Two Treaties of Government in 1690 “to justify” (TTo G) the struggle of 1640 1660 and the revolution of 1688. The certainty and stability that had been provided by the divine authority of the monarch had been removed.More importantly they were intending to formulate forms of government that had intellectual integrity and gave legitimacy to the political structure after revolution and the removal of the old order.Using scientific method they each argued from their understanding of the first principals of human interaction and both came to powerful rational conclusions.Hobbes was classically educated but later in life became interested scientific thought and metaphysics.Locke was a physician and a member of the Royal Society. For them God was the first cause but their scientific understanding of cause and effect shaped their view, not just of physical objects in the natural world and how they interacted but also of individuals and how they interacted in society.It is used as a means of demonstrating the value of government, the grounds for political obligation and authority over a particular geographical area .The classic form of social contract theory suggests that there is a stateless society from which individual’s wish to escape by entering into a social contract.The Canons of the Church of England, drafted in 1606, stated “If any man shall affirm…that men at first ran up and down as wild creatures … and is not God’s ordinance…; he doth greatly err.” ( See Carlyles, Medieval Theory – k210).