The overall goals of this chapter were firstly to establish the significance of the general field of study, then identify a place where a new contribution could be made.
The bulk of the chapter was on critically evaluating the different methodologies used in this field so as to identify the appropriate approach for investigating the research question(s). “Approximately 77,000 individuals are arrested in the United States each year based primarily on eyewitness testimony (ref.). Given the pivotal role that eyewitness testimony plays in some trials, it is important to establish whether or not the jury’s faith in this testimony is warranted.” 2.
theater or book reviews), literature reviews steer clear of opinion statements.
Instead, they summarize and critically assess a body of scholarly literature from a relatively objective perspective.
As you pore over countless academic articles, consider all the researchers who preceded you and those who will follow.
Your literature review is much more than a routine assignment: it's a contribution to the future of your field.
Because such ‘contamination’ is common to memory, understanding its effects enables greater knowledge of memory itself (ref.). Discusses one key paper at a time by describing its methods and key findings, but then identifies weaknesses in the method and/or limitations in the findings.
Then discusses how the next researchers tried to address these problems.
Identifies which explanations are likely to be valid in explaining the results of experiments conducted for this thesis. “Whist it has been shown that in some circumstances many people tend to conform to the opinions of others, we also know that some people are able to resist conforming in some situations. This section of the literature review examines factors influencing whether or not a person is likely to conform that are (1) in the situation, and (2) within the individual.” 8.
The literature review aims to compare and contrast the thinking, ideologies, concepts and thoughts in 'the field' of a particular subject area.