Literature Review On Child Abuse

Literature Review On Child Abuse-82
As well, physically abused children showed less intimacy and more conflict and negative affect towards their close friends in comparison to the non-abused group (Kaplan ., 1999).physically abused children also tend to be more shy and inhibited in interpersonal contacts than the non-abused group.Abstract: Child maltreatment is a generic term referring to four primary acts: physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse and neglect.

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It has been shown that at least 30% of people who have been physically abused have lifetime disruptive disorder diagnosis, such as oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder (Kaplan , 1999; Briere & Runtz, 1990).

Research has also indicated that physically abused children tend to be less popular and liked and had fewer friendships.

From all of this evidence, one can conclude that physical abuse can have a damaging effect on children.

Sexual abuse also has long-lasting negative effects on children.

On the WISCR-R, physically abused children had a lower mean score than the mean of the non-abused group.

They also scored significantly lower on the Performance and Verbal Scales and the Verbal Language Development Scale, as well as showed deficits in mathematics and language tests, and in both receptive and expressive language (Augoustinos, 1987; Helm, Newport, Bonsall, Miller & Nemeroff, 2001; Kaplan ., 1999).

Research has shown that anxiety levels in victims of childhood sexual abuse were significantly higher than the non-abused group.

This was indicated on many measures (Mc Leer ., 1998; Briere & Runtz, 1988; Mian, Marton & Le Baron, 1996).

Too many people assume that these children grow up and just "get over" the abuse. Research has shown us that child maltreatment can be very psychologically damaging. In a number of studies, it has been shown that physical abuse has a damaging effect on children (Augoustinos, 1987; Briere & Runtz, 1988, 1990; Claussen & Crittenden, 1991; Kaplan, Pelcovitz & Labruna, 1999).

A common problem found in children who have been physically abused is disruptive disorders.

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