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(April 2016) Back to Top On January 4, 2017, Israel’s Military Court convicted a sergeant in the Israel Defense Forces of manslaughter and of “unbecoming conduct” for shooting and killing an injured Palestinian assailant without justification and in violation of military rules of engagement.
Iran uses domestic counterterrorism legislation to facilitate the freezing of financial assets of foreign governments.
Syria uses such legislation to freeze the assets of individuals, including government officials, while Sudan uses it simply to prosecute foreign nationals.
The Law Library of Congress produces reports primarily for members of Congress.
The legal research reports listed below by topic provide commentary and recommended resources on issues and events.
Cuba and Iran have adopted special laws targeting the US.
(May 2016) This report examines the scope of protection extended to freedom of speech in 13 selected countries.(May 2015) Back to Top The original wording of article 87d of the German Basic Law precluded privatization of air traffic administration.A first constitutional amendment in 1992 was interpreted to permit only corporatization.In order to allow functional privatization and implement the European Union Single European Sky framework, article 87d of the Basic Law was amended a second time in 2009.(May 2015) The increased use of drones for civilian applications has presented many countries with regulatory challenges.This report covers laws on parental child abduction and the legal aid that may be available to parents of abducted children in 38 countries that have not signed the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction.While in many countries no specific legislation or programs dealing with international abduction of children could be located, existing laws and general legal aid programs may be relevant.Taking a person’s life after he has been subdued—even the life of a “terrorist,” as the assailant is referred to throughout the decision—is prohibited and violated military ethical rules, the Court said, and as such did not coincide with the behavior expected from a soldier at the rank of the defendant. 2017) On February 21, 2017, the Military Court Central District sentenced an Israel Defense Forces sergeant to imprisonment for 18 months and ordered that he be demoted to the rank of private.The defendant was also sentenced to an additional 12 months of imprisonment if he commits another manslaughter offense within three years, as well as an additional six months’ imprisonment if he unlawfully uses a weapon within two years. 2017) One of the distinctive features of Japan’s current Constitution is its embrace of pacifism.A compact typically includes provisions regarding its purpose; specific terms with respect to the subject of the compact; in some cases, establishment of an interstate agency to administer the compact or some other method of administration; sources of funding; and other contract terms.(June 2018) This report provides a review of laws adopted in Cuba, Iran, Libya, Russia, Sudan, and Syria on lifting the sovereign immunity of foreign states.