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The amount of attention given new stimuli can diminish the amount of information that becomes encoded for storage.
Organisation of the module content is thematic rather than regional or chronological, and the skills you learn here will inform other research throughout your degree as well as your thinking as historians in the making.
Among the general issues to be explored are the evolution of the historical profession, the connection between history and nation-building (as manifested in monuments and acts of commemoration), the role of history in the ‘identity politics’ of minority groups, and the problems of preserving and displaying aspects of the national heritage as exemplified in London’s museums, churches and historic sites.
Working memory serves as an encoding and retrieval processor.
Information in the form of stimuli is encoded in accordance with explicit or implicit functions by the working memory processor.
Credit value: 15 Module convenor: Professor Adam Sutcliffe Teaching pattern: 10 x 1-hour lectures (weekly); 10 x 1-hour seminars (weekly); 2 field trips Availability: Please see module list for relevant year Assessment: 1 x 2,500 word essay (60%); 1 x 1,500 word field trip case study (30%); Preparedness component (10%) Students are reassessed in the failed elements of assessment and by the same methods as the first attempt.
Assessment 2018/19: 1 x 3,500 word essay (60%); 1 x 1,500 word field trip case study (30%); Preparedness component (10%) Assessment (pre-2018/19):1 x 3,500 word essay (70%); 1 x 1,500 word field trip case study (30%) The modules offered in each academic year are subject to change in line with staff availability and student demand: there is no guarantee every module will run.
Based on these partial report experiments, Sperling was able to show that the capacity of sensory memory was approximately 12 items, but that it degraded very quickly (within a few hundred milliseconds).
Because this form of memory degrades so quickly, participants would see the display but be unable to report all of the items (12 in the "whole report" procedure) before they decayed.
Modern estimates of the capacity of short-term memory are lower, typically of the order of 4–5 items; For example, in recalling a ten-digit telephone number, a person could chunk the digits into three groups: first, the area code (such as 123), then a three-digit chunk (456) and lastly a four-digit chunk (7890).
This method of remembering telephone numbers is far more effective than attempting to remember a string of 10 digits; this is because we are able to chunk the information into meaningful groups of numbers.