He grew up putting a premium on education and the arts. As a youth, Aristotle likely had tutors who taught him about all sorts of subjects. He also learned about the Greek gods, philosophy, and mathematics.
When Aristotle turned seventeen he traveled to Athens to join Plato's Academy.
His ethics, though always influential, gained renewed interest with the modern advent of virtue ethics.
In metaphysics, Aristotelianism had a profound influence on philosophical and theological thinking in the Islamic and Jewish traditions in the middle Ages, and it continues to influence Christian theology, especially the scholastic tradition of the Catholic Church.
They did all their work in their mind, thinking about the world, but not observing it.
In this way Aristotle laid the foundation of science today.
Aristotle spent a lot of time learning about biology.
He was the first to try and classify different types of animals into different groups.
One method of doing this was to have dialogues where one person would ask a question and the other person would attempt to answer it.
They would then continue to discuss the question in a debate format, asking new questions as they came up in the debate.