Freud Refutation Essays

Freud Refutation Essays-47
Dreams are undoubtedly caused by conflict and are characterized by their power to bring up memories that the dreamer has forgotten, their strong use of symbolism, and their ability to reproduce repressed impressions of the dreamer's childhood (Freud, 1949, p. In addition, dreams, which are fulfillments of wishes, according to Freud (1949), are capable of bringing up impressions that cannot have originated from the dreamer's life (Freud, 1949, p. The basic objective of psychoanalysis is to remove neuroses and thereby cure patients by returning the damaged ego to its normal state (Freud, 1949, p. During analysis, a process that often takes many years, patients tell analysts both what they feel is important and what they consider to be unimportant.An aspect of analysis that has both positive and negative repercussions is transference, which occurs when patients view their analysts as parents, role models, or other figures from their past.

Dreams are undoubtedly caused by conflict and are characterized by their power to bring up memories that the dreamer has forgotten, their strong use of symbolism, and their ability to reproduce repressed impressions of the dreamer's childhood (Freud, 1949, p. In addition, dreams, which are fulfillments of wishes, according to Freud (1949), are capable of bringing up impressions that cannot have originated from the dreamer's life (Freud, 1949, p. The basic objective of psychoanalysis is to remove neuroses and thereby cure patients by returning the damaged ego to its normal state (Freud, 1949, p. During analysis, a process that often takes many years, patients tell analysts both what they feel is important and what they consider to be unimportant.

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On the other hand, the purpose of the death instinct is to undo connections and unity via destruction (Freud, 1949, p. The two instincts can either operate against each other through repulsion or combine with each other through attraction (Freud, 1949, p. Freud (1949) contends that sexual life begins with manifestations that present themselves soon after birth (p. The four main phases in sexual development are the oral phase, the sadistic-anal phase, the phallic phase, and the genital phase, and each phase is characterized by specific occurrences.

During the oral phase, the individual places emphasis on providing satisfaction for the needs of the mouth, which emerges as the first erotogenic zone (Freud, 1949, p. During the sadistic-anal phase, satisfaction is sought through aggression and in the excretory function.

In 1896, Freud coined the term "psychoanalysis," and for the next forty years of his life, he worked on thoroughly developing its main principles, objectives, techniques, and methodology.

Freud's many writings detail many of his thoughts on mental life, including the structural theory of the mind, dream interpretation, the technique of psychoanalysis, and assorted other topics.

Treatment traces the unconscious factors to their origins, shows how they have evolved and developed over the course of many years, and subsequently helps individuals to overcome the challenges they face in life (National Psychological Association for Psychoanalysis, 1998).

In addition to being a therapy, psychoanalysis is a method of understanding mental functioning and the stages of growth and development.In contrast, unconscious ideas are defined as those that are not easily accessible but can be inferred, recognized, and explained through analysis (Freud, 1949, p. Freud spent many years hypothesizing about the role of dreams and their interpretation.He defines the states of sleep to be a period of uproar and chaos during which the unconscious thoughts of the id attempt to force their way into consciousness (Freud, 1949, p. In order to interpret a dream, which develops from either the id or the ego, certain assumptions must be made, including the acknowledgment that what is recalled from a dream is only a facade behind which the meaning must be inferred.Eventually psychoanalysis began to thrive, and by 1925, it was established around the world as a flourishing movement.Although for many years Freud had been considered a radical by many in his profession, he was soon accepted and well-known worldwide as a leading expert in psychoanalysis (Gay, 1989, p. In 1939, Freud succumbed to cancer after a lifetime dedicated to psychological thought and the development of his many theories (Gay, 1989, p. Although Freud's life had ended, he left behind a legacy unmatched by any other, a legacy that continues very much to this day.Whereas new ideas have enriched the field of psychoanalysis and techniques have adapted and expanded over the years, psychoanalysts today, like Freud, believe that psychoanalysis is the most effective method of obtaining knowledge of the mind.Through psychoanalysis, patients free themselves from terrible mental anguish and achieve greater understanding of themselves and others.In An Outline of Psychoanalysis, Freud (1949) explains the principal tenets on which psychoanalytic theory is based.He begins with an explanation of the three forces of the psychical apparatus--the id, the ego, and the superego.During the phallic phase, the young boy enters the Oedipus phase where he fears his father and castration while simultaneously fantasizing about sexual relations with his mother (Freud, 1949, p. The young girl, in contrast, enters the Electra phase, where she experiences penis envy, which often culminates in her turning away from sexual life altogether.Following the phallic phase is a period of latency, in which sexual development comes to a halt (Freud, 1949, p. Finally, in the genital phase, the sexual function is completely organized and the coordination of sexual urge towards pleasure is completed.

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