Format Of A Scientific Research Paper

Format Of A Scientific Research Paper-15
They are more likely to be cited by other scientists if they are helpful rather than cryptic or self-centered.Scientific papers typically have two audiences: first, the referees, who help the journal editor decide whether a paper is suitable for publication; and second, the journal readers themselves, who may be more or less knowledgeable about the topic addressed in the paper.The traditional Results and Discussion sections are best combined because results make little sense to most readers without interpretation.

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Do not include context for the sake of including context: Rather, provide only what will help readers better understand the need and, especially, its importance.

Consider anchoring the context in time, using phrases such as recently, in the past 10 years, or since the early 1990s.

You may also want to anchor your context in space (either geographically or within a given research field).

Convey the need for the work as an opposition between actual and desired situations.

Finally, they structure the content in the body in theorem-proof fashion, stating first what readers must remember (for example, as the first sentence of a paragraph) and then presenting evidence to support this statement.

In the Introduction section, state the motivation for the work presented in your paper and prepare readers for the structure of the paper.Start by stating the actual situation (what we have) as a direct continuation of the context.If you feel you must explain recent achievements in much detail — say, in more than one or two paragraphs — consider moving the details to a section titled State of the art (or something similar) after the Introduction, but do provide a brief idea of the actual situation in the Introduction. Emphasize the contrast between the actual and desired situations with such words as but, however, or unfortunately.To be accepted by referees and cited by readers, papers must do more than simply present a chronological account of the research work.Rather, they must convince their audience that the research presented is important, valid, and relevant to other scientists in the same field.One elegant way to express the desired part of the need is to combine it with the task in a single sentence.This sentence expresses first the objective, then the action undertaken to reach this objective, thus creating a strong and elegant connection between need and task.You can similarly prepare your readers for an upcoming division into subsections by introducing a global paragraph between the heading of a section and the heading of its first subsection. Mention these things early in your paragraph, ideally in the first sentence.This paragraph can contain any information relating to the section as a whole rather than particular subsections, but it should at least announce the subsections, whether explicitly or implicitly. If you use a standard or usual procedure, mention that upfront, too.Thus, as you organize the body of your paper into sections and perhaps subsections, remember to prepare your readers for the structure ahead at all levels. To make this section interesting, explain the choices you made in your experimental procedure: What justifies using a given compound, concentration, or dimension?You already do so for the overall structure of the body (the sections) in the object of the document at the end of the Introduction. What is special, unexpected, or different in your approach?


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