Problem solving in psychology refers to the process of finding solutions to problems encountered in life.
Solutions to these problems are usually situation- or context-specific.
One such component is the emotional valence of "real-world" problems and it can either impede or aid problem-solving performance.
Researchers have focused on the role of emotions in problem solving , In conceptualization, human problem solving consists of two related processes: problem orientation and the motivational/attitudinal/affective approach to problematic situations and problem-solving skills.
Formal logic is concerned with such issues as validity, truth, inference, argumentation and proof.
In a problem-solving context, it can be used to formally represent a problem as a theorem to be proved, and to represent the knowledge needed to solve the problem as the premises to be used in a proof that the problem has a solution.
The term problem solving means slightly different things depending on the discipline.
For instance, it is a mental process in psychology and a computerized process in computer science.
In these disciplines, problem solving is part of a larger process that encompasses problem determination, de-duplication, analysis, diagnosis, repair, and other steps.
Other problem solving tools are linear and nonlinear programming, queuing systems, and simulation.