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The President rejected a demonstration of the atomic bomb to the Japanese leadership.He knew there was no guarantee the Japanese would surrender if the test succeeded, and he felt that a failed demonstration would be worse than none at all.
Although the demand stated that refusal would result in total destruction, no mention of any new weapons of mass destruction was made.
The Japanese military command rejected the request for unconditional surrender, but there were indications that a conditional surrender was possible.
A new age of nuclear terror led to a dangerous arms race.
Some military analysts insist that Japan was on its knees and the bombings were simply unnecessary.
For Truman, the choice whether or not to use the atomic bomb was the most difficult decision of his life.
First, an Allied demand for an immediate unconditional surrender was made to the leadership in Japan.The bombs did, however, bring an end to the most destructive war in history.The Manhattan Project that produced it demonstrated the possibility of how a nation's resources could be mobilized. The question that came flying out was, "How will the world use its nuclear capability?Report broken link Two atomic bombs which were dropped on Japan Maximum temperature of "Little Boy" at burst point: several million degrees centigrade.A fireball of 15-meters radius formed in 0.1 millisecond, with a temperature of 300,000 degrees centigrade.Regardless, the United States remains the only nation in the world to have used a nuclear weapon on another nation.Truman stated that his decision to drop the bomb was purely military.View the intense horror of nuclear war by taking this "Nagasaki Journey," then browse through the message boards to see how people were affected by this world-breaking tragedy.Report broken link Conversation on the Existence of the Bomb On July 24 I casually mentioned to Stalin that we had a new weapon of unusual destructive force. All he said was that he was glad to hear it and hoped we would make 'good use of it against the Japanese.' -President Harry Truman, Year of Decisions.Even the scientific community failed to foresee the awful effects of Dresden or Tokyo.The ethical debate over the decision to drop the atomic bomb will never be resolved.