When a person responds to certain stimuli but not to others it is called discrimination.
An example would be if I were to pay attention in Sociology and not in History.
Every child learns differently and it is the teacher's responsibility to figure out how each individual child learns.
The five different approaches to learning are Behavioral, Social Cognitive, Information Processing, Constructivist, and Brain-based.
The behavioral approach emphasizes on experiences, especially reinforcement and punishment, as determinants of learning and behavior.
Classical conditioning is a type of learning in which an organism learns to connect or associate stimuli (Santrock 240).Constructivists state that learning is an active conscious process that has an internal drive (Brunner, 2012).Cognitive theorists explain human behavior by bringing a clear understanding of the thought process.If we want to teach a nine-year-old to keep quiet in class, every time the desired behavior gets elicited we should reward with a token.With time the nine-year-old learns to associate keeping quiet with tokens.Break down the skills and concepts to be learnt into small units that get easily understood.Using direct instructional strategies or teacher-centered instruction is another way of using behaviorist theory to teach. Since the end desired result is known, we can instruct the learner on how to gain the objective.We should set specific objectives before teaching a new concept and arrange your materials and resources in a way that will directly lead to achievement of your objective.These objectives must be observable and measurable.For example, if you want five-year-olds to master the concept of filling and emptying then arrange the classroom in a way that they are able to tell the empty tins, the full ones and the liquid to be used in filling and emptying.Arrange all your materials in a way that is obvious to elicit your desired response.