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Bodily Systems and the Spatial-Functional Structure of the Human Body Barry Smith, Ph D1,2, Igor Papakin1, Katherine Munn1 1Institute for Formal Ontology and Medical Information Science Faculty of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany 2Department of Philosophy, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA Abstract.The human body as conceived by medical science is a system made of systems.The respiratory system is also interacts with other organs.
The endocrine system consists of various hormonal glands such as the pituitary.
These two systems interact closely since they both have a part in controlling the body.
The main systems of the human body are the nervous, endocrine respiratory, circulatory, immune, digestive, excretory, skeletal, muscular, and the reproductive systems.
They all work together in harmony and unison to keep us alive.
The nervous and endocrine systems are what control most of the body.
The nervous system includes the brain, spinal, cord and nerves.They work together to aid the body in performing its numerous functions and giving it commands.The respiratory and endocrine system works with all the system by controlling their actions and how they perform their tasks.formal ontology: a top-level domain-independent theory involving the use of concepts such as: object, process, identity, part, location; 2.domain ontology: a top-level theory applying the structure of a formal ontology to the medical domain, involving concepts such as: body, disease, therapy, organ, tissue, cell; 3.The body is divided into bodily systems proper, such as the endocrine and circulatory systems.These are subdivded into many subsystems at a variety of levels whereby all systems and subsystems engage in massive causal interaction with other systems and subsystems.terminology-based ontology: a very large lower-level system, based on medical terminologies such as UMLS, and involving specific concepts such as: inflammatory change in the gastric mucosa.The Institute for Formal Ontology and Medical Information Science in Leipzig is constructing a reference ontology for the domain of biomedicine .It moves the muscles of the muscular system and controls all motor movements.The endocrine builds up the bones of the skeletal system and produces the hormones that make the reproductive system mature.