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With little to no job growth occurring, the unemployment rate among those fresh out of college and at the later end of the 15-24 aged youth spectrum is approximately 13.2% as of April 2012.Although this support is strictly related to obligations in terms of active job search and training, it has led to an emerging debate on whether or not it creates dependency among the youth and has a detrimental effect on them.That amounts to the biggest gap between youth and adult unemployment rates since 1977.
Surveys suggest that up to half of all businesses have open positions for which they are struggling to find suitably qualified people.
as businesses witness a growing mismatch between the skills students learn in the education system and those required in the workplace.
Among them, the quality and relevance of education, inflexible labour market and regulations, which in turn create a situation of assistance and dependency, are the main causes discussed today.
The quality and relevance of education is often considered as the first root cause of youth unemployment.
The purpose of internships is to allow students or recent graduates to acquire work experience and a recommendation letter to add to their curriculum vitae.
However, many interns have complained that they are simply performing basic grunt-work, rather than learning important knowledge and skills.Second, the development of temporary forms of work such as internships, seasonal jobs and short term contracts have left young workers in precarious situations.Because their jobs are temporary contracts, youth are often the first to be laid off when a company downsizes.This rate is low in countries like Italy, Spain and France but in the United States almost one-third of students combine education and work.The legitimacy of internships has begun to be questioned.In order to qualify as unemployed for official and statistical measurement, the individual must be without employment, willing and able to work, of the officially designated 'working age' and actively searching for a position.Youth unemployment rates tend to be higher than the adult rates in every country in the world.Youth can be seen as a stage in life between adolescence and adulthood Second, the definition of unemployment itself leads to the possibility of not accounting for a number of young people left out of work.Those who do not have a job and are not actively seeking work – oftentimes women There are multiple and complex causes behind youth unemployment.For many governments, a key question is how they can bridge this gap and ensure that young people are equipped with the skills employers are looking for.First, a high level of employment protection regulations causes employers to be cautious about hiring more than a minimum number of workers, since they cannot easily be laid off during a downturn, or fired if a new employee should turn out to be unmotivated or incompetent.