All this leads to the fact that we need to promote a decentralised approach, with a key focus on water conservation, source sustainability, storage and reuse wherever possible.
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The World Health Organization (WHO) states that an individual requires around 25 litres of water daily for meeting his/her basic hygiene and food needs.
The rest is used for non-potable purposes like mopping and cleaning.
The road ahead Looking at the current situation, there is a need for a paradigm shift.
Essay On Shortage Of Drinking Water
We urgently require a transition from this 'supply-and-supply-more water' provision to measures which lead towards improving water use efficiency, reducing leakages, recharging/restoring local waterbodies as well as applying for higher tariffs and ownership by various stakeholders.Also, the moot questions are: what will happen if there is no water to supply?What will happen to all the wastewater that gets generated?This indicates that for most of the non-potable uses, a quality lower than drinking water is required.Thus, for economic efficiency and environmental sustainability, water must be treated and supplied according to usage.About 80 per cent of the water that reaches households, leaves as waste and pollutes our waterbodies and environment.There is a huge potential in reusing and recycling this treated wastewater at least for non-potable purposes, which is cost effective.However, 12 per cent of India’s population is already living the 'Day Zero' scenario, thanks to excessive groundwater pumping, an inefficient and wasteful water management system and years of deficient rains.The CWMI report also states that by 2030, the country's water demand is projected to be twice the available supply, implying severe water scarcity for hundreds of millions of people and an eventual six per cent loss in the country's GDP.India is facing one of its major and most serious water crisis.After two consecutive years of weak monsoons, 330 million people — a quarter of the country’s population — are affected by a severe drought.