Essay On Higher Education In Bihar

Bihar’s median age, at 20, is India’s lowest – the Indian average is 26.6.

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In the 11th Plan, the state government had signed an Mo U with the central government for opening 25 model colleges at district level.

The Centre was to provide all the necessary funds for the purpose.

Educationists say that so far as access to higher education is concerned, Bihar is way behind other states.

As many as 25 districts out of 38 in Bihar are educationally backward.

It has more illiterate people – by proportion – than any Indian state and although literacy rose 14.8 percentage points over a decade to 2011, there is a crisis in Bihar’s primary education system: Its classrooms are India’s most crowded and have the fewest teachers.

Yet, India’s sixth-poorest state spends the least money per student, according to an analysis of government data.Nearly 5% of children from Bihar aged six to 14 years are estimated to be out of school, according to this 2015 human resource development ministry education profile.Of those out of school, 55% children were never enrolled and 25% dropped out of school.The teacher shortage is mostly in primary school, with one teacher for every 36 students, India’s lowest rate after Uttar Pradesh, according to the U-DISE Flash Statistics 2015-16.The Indian average pupil teacher ratio in primary school is 23.The state government has taken initiative to set up some good institutions in recent years.Several institutions including Patna centre of BIT Mesra, IIT, National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT), National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER) , Chanakya National Law University, Chandragupt Institute of Management, Aryabhatta Knowledge University and Nalanda University have come up recently and are doing well.Of these, at least 2,00,000 vacancies are in Bihar’s government elementary schools.As the first part of this series observed, literacy rates and learning outcomes are some of the lowest in the BIMARU (Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh) states.Bihar has 37.3% fewer teachers than it needs in elementary school (Class 1 to Class 8), and is short of 2,78,602 teachers, according to our analysis based on Right to Education Act criteria, which stipulates a pupil teacher ratio of 30:1 in primary schools (Class 1 to Class 5) and 35:1 in upper primary school (Class 6 to Class 8).Of six million teaching positions in government schools nationwide, about 9,00,000 elementary school teaching positions and 1,00,000 in secondary school – put together, a million – are vacant, as reported last month according to an answer given in the Lok Sabha (lower house of Parliament).


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