Its significance lies in the fact that this Article has sought to incorporate the guidelines proclaimed by the UDHR and the ICESCR as has been mentioned in the earlier paragraphs.
It is interesting to note that the Indian courts have been very vocal in implementing this piece of legislation as can be observed from a number of judicial decisions.
The ICESCR has, through Article 12(1) made it binding on the states which are parties to the covenant to recognize ‘the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health’.
Article 12(2) further lays down that the concerned states need to take certain steps which will help realise the aforementioned goal of the covenant.
The approach of the Indian environmental policy towards the delicate issues of health and environment are commendable.
The types of pollution that have a very harmful impact on health of individuals are water pollution, air pollution, solid waste pollution and chemical pollution.The level of enforcement for the various laws and directives is very poor, resulting in deterioration of the environment.India being a developing country is faced with both kinds of environmental health risks, traditional hazards of lack of clean water, waste disposal, indoor air pollution and vector borne diseases.The Indian legislature has not only carried out the international obligations as far as health and environment is concerned, but have at same time, seen to it that the incorporated directives are properly implemented.One of the major outcomes of these unprecedented developments in the industrial sector has been that global life support systems have come under serious threat, thus broadening the role of the public health policies.So the challenge of the environmentalists has always been to adopt a cautious and objective approach to the various environmental problems.The issue of health in the light of environmental pollution is of immense significance because of the huge role that factors of pollution play in the degradation of the public health as well.Apart from these two acts, there are several other rules and regulations that go a long way in addressing the needs of a positive development in public health regime.Some of these are the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 , the Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001, the Municipal Solid Wastes (Management and Handling) Rules, 2000, the Hazardous Wastes (Management and Handling) Amendment Rules, 2000.Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a student.This is not an example of the work produced by our Law Essay Writing Service.