On January 16, 1948, Maulana Azad, while addressing the conference of ‘All India Education’, emphasized, “We must not for a moment forget, it is a birth right of every individual to receive at least the basic education without which he cannot fully discharge his duties as a citizen.” In other words, he was convinced that education is a tool of social transformation.
As chairman of the Central Advisory Board of Education, he gave thrust to adult literacy, universal primary education, free and compulsory education for all children up to the age of 14 and to girls education. Here, it is worth noting that India has recently achieved a key vision of Maulana Azad in the name of ‘The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009’.
To fulfill his vision Indian government has also launched the ‘Saakshat Bharat Programme’ focusing on women’s literacy.
There is no doubt that he was a great educationist.
He was of the view that citizens of free and independent India had to be different from the colonial subjects of a foreign empire.
So, he immediately set up a section of Social Education in his ministry to conduct the programme of mass education.
He joined the movement against Bengal partition with Arvind Ghosh and Shyam Sunder Chakarvarti.
Since then he remained an active and enthusiastic leader of India till the last breath of his life in 1958.
He considered the partition as an attack on the unity of Hindu-Muslim.
Thus, he began his political career by opposing the partition of Bengal and ended it by opposing the partition of India.