If a child dropped out of grade five some years back, does she have to join in grade six or will we test her before putting her in a knowledge-appropriate grade?Do we develop the stream of informal education for children who are older and have missed many years?
If a child dropped out of grade five some years back, does she have to join in grade six or will we test her before putting her in a knowledge-appropriate grade?Tags: Constitution Grevy DissertationRomeo And Juliet Who Was To Blame EssayArt Of Problem Solving WikiProper Header For Scholarship EssayReview My EssayMexican American War Essay
The estimates for the total number of children in the relevant cohort are based on growth projections from the 1998 census.
The out-of-school children estimate is then based on subtracting the number of children who are in school, based on data we have for private and public school enrolments, from the total.
This has very important implications for how we think about policies for their schooling.
If a child has never been to school and is now in the 10-16 age group, do we want this child to start schooling, in the regular stream, from grade one and spend 10 years getting to grade 10?
The problem with these estimates is not only that they are fairly rough; it is also the case that we do not have a good idea of how rough these estimates are.
In other words, we do not have error bounds for the estimates.
Clearly, a single policy, whatever its nature, will not suffice in addressing the situation of every child.
Appropriate polices will have to be local and will have to be based on much better and much more detailed analysis of evidence and ground realities. But there will be many others related to issues around school availability, distance to school, poor quality of education given in government and low-fee schools, opportunity cost of being in school, exclusion based on caste, religion, gender, or ethnicity, and/or lack of facilitation for children who face even mild physical, learning or cognitive challenges.
If the 2017 census could be made available to researchers, we could find out: a) how many five- to 16-year-olds we have in Pakistan, b) what is their age-wise and/or cohort-wise distribution, and c) how they are distributed geographically, by gender and other important variables.
This should be the first step before we think of actual policy interventions.