Epicurus Essay Pleasure

Epicurus Essay Pleasure-43
Soul atoms are particularly fine, the most easily moving, distributed throughout the body, and are the means by which persons have sensations and experience pleasure and pain.

Soul atoms are particularly fine, the most easily moving, distributed throughout the body, and are the means by which persons have sensations and experience pleasure and pain.A major part of the soul is concentrated in the chest and is the central location of higher intellectual functions.Epicurus' Identity Theory of Mind (or Soul) holds that the mind proper resides in the chest and is primarily responsible for sensation and thought.

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Epicurus held that the only things that exist are corporeal bodies and void.

He taught that the elementary constituents of nature were discrete, solid, and indivisible material particles (i.e., atoms) and empty space.

He taught that atomic motion is not solely the result of past motion and weight.

Although subject to their past motion and weight, occasionally and randomly atoms swerve to the side resulting in atomic collisions.

Only discontented beings act and because gods are perfect and totally contented they are not involved in any manner in human affairs.

Epicurus Essay Pleasure

Epicurus contends that fear of death and punishment in the afterlife are primary causes of anxiety that itself is the source of irrational desires.

Epicurus (341-270 BC), a major philosopher of the Hellenistic period, largely relied upon Democritus for his materialistic and atomistic theory of nature.

However, he does modify Democritus' metaphysics because of its skeptical and deterministic implications.

He wanted to eliminate the idea that God created everything and that human behavior should be based on obedience to God-given principles.

He also wanted to dispense with transcendent entities such as Platonic Forms existing in themselves in some supernatural world.

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    According to Epicurus, in some cases, pain chosen over pleasure later leads to more pleasure. Perhaps, he was misunderstood as to encourage rampant pursuit of pleasure but what he actually wanted to say was in absence of pain, we achieve a state which is free from fear and retribution of Gods.…

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