Non-realists are those who hold that religious claims are not about realities that transcend human language, concepts, and social forms; religious claims are not about realities “out there”; they are not about objectively existing entities.
Religion is a human construct and religious language refers to human behavior and experience.
After the collapse of positivism, two streams emerged in philosophy of religion regarding what religious language and beliefs are about: realism and non-realism.
The vast majority of religious adherents are religious realists.
The range of those engaged in the field of philosophy of religion is broad and diverse and includes philosophers from the analytic and continental traditions, Eastern and Western thinkers, religious believers and agnostics, skeptics and atheists.
Philosophy of religion draws on all of the major areas of philosophy as well as other relevant fields, including theology, history, sociology, psychology, and the natural sciences.He also abandons the notion of objective and eternal truth and replaces it with truth as a human improvisation.His approach to religion is to translate dogma and doctrine into a spirituality of practice where they become guiding myths to live by in this life, and they lead the believer to give up belief in a supernatural afterlife beyond the grave.For Wittgenstein, this is true in all forms of discourse, including religious discourse.In speaking of God or other religious terms or concepts, their meanings have more to do with their use than with their denotation.Others, such as Don Cupitt (1934–), have sought to transform religion.Cupitt, a philosopher, theologian, and former priest in the Church of England, rejects historic religious dogma for, he maintains, it encompasses an outdated realist metaphysics and cosmology.Language does not provide a picture of reality, he argued, but rather presents a set of activities which he dubbed “language games.” In learning language, one needs to be able to respond to words in various contexts; speech and action work together.In many cases, then, the meaning of a word is its use in the language.The implication is that statements about them can and do provide correct predications of the behavior of Allah and Brahman and so forth.If Allah or Brahman do not actually exist, assertions about them would be false.