Established beliefs and theories should be critically questioned and revised in the light of developments, pragmatically evolving to meet the needs of changing times.
If democracy is to work it required informed, knowledgeable and wise citizens and, therefore, education has a moral purpose.
It is intricate, detailed, a painstaking labor of devotion and love! They don't want well informed, well educated people capable of critical thinking. That doesn't help them.” ― “The opinions that are held with passion are always those for which no good ground exists; indeed the passion is the measure of the holders lack of rational conviction.
The colors are like no other, they swim and leap, they trickle and embellish! Opinions in politics and religion are almost always held passionately.” ― “The problem with today’s world is that everyone believes they have the right to express their opinion AND have others listen to it.
— Christianity has done its utmost to close the circle and declared even doubt to be sin.
One is supposed to be cast into belief without reason, by a miracle, and from then on to swim in it as in the brightest and least ambiguous of elements: even a glance towards land, even the thought that one perhaps exists for something else as well as swimming, even the slightest impulse of our amphibious nature — is sin!What happens to a society when critical thinking becomes an object of contempt?What happens to a social order ruled by an economics of contempt that blames the poor for their condition and subjects them to a culture of shaming?Teachers were viewed by Dewey as needing to be creative professionals demonstrating not only understanding of their subject matter but a passion for knowledge, intellectual curiosity, an understanding of the learning process and the children in their care.Dewey understood that excellent teachers responded quickly to student responses as indications of their current level of understanding, a direct consequence of constructivism.Dewey was alarmed that schools failed in this regard, promoting passive and compliant pupils rather than reflective, autonomous, informed decision makers.He believed one absolutely critical function of education is to develop the intellect, motivation and wisdom of young people so that they become ‘mature’ and effective citizens able to transmit culture from one generation to the next and transform it in the face of change: The link between democracy and education What is particularly interesting about this book is the link Dewey highlights between democracy and education reflecting his advocacy of democracy.It has never been more important to help the young cope with uncertainty well, to learn how to learn for life, and to understand that education is a moral enterprise concerned with developing informed citizens capable of making informed choices and decisions.Protesters display signs at the National Day of Public Education demonstration against rising tuition costs at the University of Minnesota, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, March 24, 2014.While he certainly believed education needs to connect learning to the real world experience of learners and be child-centred, he also emphasised the importance of a rigorous curriculum that developed powerful methodologies and knowledge.Dewey was uncomfortable with some of the more extreme progressive pedagogical approaches that became associated with his name.