Critical And Creative Thinking Definition

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It involves the skills of flexibility, originality, fluency, elaboration, brainstorming, modification, imagery, associative thinking, attribute listing, metaphorical thinking, forced relationships.

The aim of creative thinking is to stimulate curiosity and promote divergence.

Students may have fun playing around with such activities, but may not actually address content in a meaningful, purposeful way, nor actually engage in the higher order thinking intended.

Critical thinking involves analysis and evaluation rather than merely accepting ideas or information: understanding of relationships, similarities, and differences; looking for patterns; classifying and categorizing; understanding cause/effect; seeing trends and big ideas; predicting outcomes; considering multiple perspectives; making judgments; and questioning and reasoning.

Within the cognitive domain, he identified six levels: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation.

These domains and levels are still useful today as you develop the critical thinking skills of your students.Creative thinking requires all of these critical thinking skills and goes beyond, generating something new and useful in a particular context: generating innovative ideas, products, and solutions; expressing ideas in innovative ways; and communicating ideas, solutions, or products to an appropriate audience.These, of course, are the higher order thinking skills of Bloom; these are the thinking skills necessary for meaningful learning in all disciplines.Gifted students need to be involved with analysis, evaluation, and creative synthesis of data and information, asking new questions and generating innovative ideas, solutions, and products because of their advanced cognitive development, preference for complexity, questioning of the status quo, idealism, and need for social action.This is particularly true of the creatively gifted learner who must find relevance and opportunities for creative synthesis and expression in order to truly engage in the learning process. What's Bloom's taxonomy and how is it helpful in project planning?How are the domains of learning reflected in technology-rich projects?We also know that, in order to develop these critical and creative thinking skills as thinking habits, students must engage in these kinds of thinking activities frequently, in meaningful, appropriate contexts. Are gifted students being given opportunities for exploring ideas and developing skills of critical analysis, evaluation, and creativity in classrooms today?Not so much, according to a study reported in Newsweek (2010) by Bronson and Merryman.Other Sites Designing and Managing MCQs from University of Cape Town, South Africa Major Categories in the Taxonomy of Educational Objectives by G.Krumme, University of Washington, Seattle Free Brainstorming Training from Infinite Innovations Ltd - Learn basic and advanced techniques for brainstorming.

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