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In the enlightenment an optimist was defined as someone who believed that everything happened for the greater good, because of God.
During his travels, he sticks to the teaching of his tutor, Doctor Pangloss, believing that "everything is for the best" (3).
Voltaire points out the illogicality of this doctrine, "if Columbus had not caught, on an American island, this sickness which attacks the source of generation [...] we should have neither chocolate or cochineal" (8)....
With his characterization of Cunegonde, Paquette, and the Old Woman Voltaire satirizes gender roles and highlights the impotence of women in the 1800s.
Cunegonde is the daughter of a wealthy German lord....
But Candide was always accompanied with fellows sufferers, two of which our focus will lay, Pangloss and Martin.
In equal respects, both are embodiments of different philosophies of the time: Pangloss the proponent of Optimism and Martin the proponent of Pessimism....
[tags: Exploitation of women in Candide] - Many people are asked the question if they are optimist and they will usually respond yes, no, or something else ,but what actually is an optimist, and is a good thing.
Today optimist is defined as someone who always sees the bright side of any situation — a trait that can be either encouraging or annoying, depending on your frame of mind.
[tags: Voltaire, Candide] - Voltaire “Candide or Optimism” was written in the enlightenment era.
Voltaire story is published in The Norton Anthology of Western Literature.