Most recently in a manic episode with at least one previous major depressive episode, manic episode, or mixed episode 4.
Most recently a mixed episode with at least one previous major depressive episode, manic episode, or mixed episode.
(1) During manic periods there are unusually high levels of norepinephrine and serotonin while, during depressed periods, there are unusually low levels.
(1) The biological explanation is also supported by strong genetic inheritance.
(7) Manic symptoms are: inflated self-esteem or grandiosity, decreased need for sleep, more talkative than usual, flight of ideas or racing thoughts, attention easily drawn to unimportant or irrelevant items, increase in goal-directed activity or psychomotor agitation, and excessive involvement in pleasurable activities which may have negative consequences.
Business Planning Process Steps - Bipolar Disorder Research Papers
(2, 7) Lastly, bipolar disorder patients may also go through mixed episodes, which are periods when the patient meets the criteria for both a manic episode and a major depressive episode every day for at least one week. both external and internal stress factors leading to manic and depressive episodes.
Group therapy for patients with bipolar disorders responds to the need for support and ...
both external and internal stress factors leading to manic and depressive episodes.
(1-9) A major depressive episode is when the patient has either a depressed mood or a loss of interest/pleasure in normal activities for a minimum of two weeks.
Specifically, the patient should have (mostly): depressed mood for most of the day, nearly every day; diminished interest or pleasure in activities; weight loss or gain (a difference of 5% either way in the period of a month); insomnia or hypersomnia; psychomotor agitation or retardation; fatigue or loss of energy; diminished ability to think or concentrate; feelings of worthlessness; recurrent thoughts of death or suicidal ideation or attempt.