Jungian analytical psychology distinguishes between the personal and collective unconscious, the latter being particularly relevant to archetypal criticism.
Jungian analytical psychology distinguishes between the personal and collective unconscious, the latter being particularly relevant to archetypal criticism.The collective unconscious, or the objective psyche as it is less frequently known, is a number of innate thoughts, feelings, instincts, and memories that reside in the unconsciousness of all people.Archetypal literary criticism's origins are rooted in two other academic disciplines, social anthropology and psychoanalysis; each contributed to literary criticism in separate ways, with the latter being a sub-branch of critical theory.Tags: Inspired By The Power Of Community Service EssayA Good Way To Start Out A Compare And Contrast EssayHow To Write A Business Plan For A RestaurantCustom Writing Practice SheetsLondon Business School Essays TipsCreative Writing Topics For KidsNoss And Bressay CruiseThe Color Of Water Essay HelpEssay On Why I Want To Study In The UkResearch Paper Outline Characters
Archetypal literary criticism is a type of critical theory that interprets a text by focusing on recurring myths and archetype (from the Greek archē, "beginning", and typos, "imprint") in the narrative, symbols, images, and character types in literary work.
As a form of literary criticism, it dates back to 1934 when Maud Bodkin published Archetypal Patterns in Poetry.
Jung's definition of the term is inconsistent in his many writings.
At one time he calls the collective unconscious the "a priori, inborn forms of intuition" (Lietch 998), while in another instance it is a series of "experience(s) that come upon us like fate" (998).
The Golden Bough (1890–1915), written by the Scottish anthropologist Sir James George Frazer, was the first influential text dealing with cultural mythologies.
Frazer was part of a group of comparative anthropologists working out of Cambridge University who worked extensively on the topic.
Jung's work theorizes about myths and archetypes in relation to the unconscious, an inaccessible part of the mind.
From a Jungian perspective, myths are the "culturally elaborated representations of the contents of the deepest recess of the human psyche: the world of the archetypes" (Walker 4).
That process is the return of the ego to the unconscious—a kind of temporary death of the ego—and its re-emergence, or rebirth, from the unconscious" (Segal 4).
By itself, Jung's theory of the collective unconscious accounts for a considerable share of writings in archetypal literary criticism; it also pre-dates the height of archetypal literary criticism by over a decade.