by more than one point, then a third grader grades the essay, providing a score which is then doubled to compute the final composite score.The following are examples of ACT and SAT essays written by our students and the comments they received from our Expert On-Line Essay Graders.Sleep disorders have been linked to diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease and depression, and recent research suggests one main cause of “short sleep” is “long light.” Whether we work at night or simply take our tablets, notebooks and smartphones to bed, there isn’t a place for this much artificial light in our lives.4 The rest of the world depends on darkness as well, including nocturnal and crepuscular species of birds, insects, mammals, fish and reptiles.
In the United States and Western Europe, the amount of light in the sky increases an average of about 6% every year.
Computer images of the United States at night, based on NASA photographs, show that what was a very dark country as recently as the 1950s is now nearly covered with a blanket of light.
But now, when 8 of 10 children born in the United States will never know a sky dark enough for the Milky Way, I worry we are rapidly losing night’s natural darkness before realizing its worth.
This winter solstice, as we cheer the days’ gradual movement back toward light, let us also remember the irreplaceable value of darkness.2 All life evolved to the steady rhythm of bright days and dark nights.
Utilizing outside sources to back the validity of these benefits, Bogard completes his message with a tone of hope, imploring his audience to join him in his course.
Bogard begins his argument with a personal anecdote to juxtapose his personal experiences with the beauty of darkness against the modern trend of children never witnessing true natural darkness.Even Paris, the famed “city of light,” which already turns off its monument lighting after 1 a.m., will this summer start to require its shops, offices and public buildings to turn off lights after 2 a.m.Though primarily designed to save energy, such reductions in light will also go far in addressing light pollution.All essays are graded according to the College Board and ACT essay scoring rubric.evidence, such as facts or examples, to support claims; reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence; and stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion, to add power to the ideas expressed.Ecological light pollution is like the bulldozer of the night, wrecking habitat and disrupting ecosystems several billion years in the making. .5 In today’s crowded, louder, more fast-paced world, night’s darkness can provide solitude, quiet and stillness, qualities increasingly in short supply. Who knows what this vision of the night sky might inspire in each of us, in our children or grandchildren?Simply put, without darkness, Earth’s ecology would collapse. Every religious tradition has considered darkness invaluable for a soulful life, and the chance to witness the universe has inspired artists, philosophers and everyday stargazers since time began. 6 Yet all over the world, our nights are growing brighter.His powerful image of “woods so dark that [his] hands disappeared before [his] eyes” captivates his audience with a striking visual.Also, Bogard’s use of the statistic of “8 of 10 children…Already, many cities and towns across North America and Europe are changing to LED streetlights, which offer dramatic possibilities for controlling wasted light.Other communities are finding success with simply turning off portions of their public lighting after midnight.