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The challenge lies in learning the different parts of a basic argument–the claim, the evidence, and the reasoning–when each of them are such abstract concepts.
But without a concrete way to talk about them, it’s like gesturing wildly at a class and hoping they’ll catch your drift (maybe that’s half the reason argumentative units are so exhausting…).
What I knew I needed was some sort of analogy, some visual for students that we could keep revisiting each time we reinforced these ideas.
Finally, give students an opportunity to share and discuss their reflections in small groups.
Each year I teach it, I always know it’s going to be one of the most energy-taxing units of the year.
#teachingargumentativewriting #argumentativewriting #persuasivewriting #teachingwriting #claimsevidencereasoning" width="600" height="400" srcset="https://i0com/teacheroffduty.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Copy-of-Claims-Evidence-Reasoning-1.png?
w=600 600w, https://i0com/teacheroffduty.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Copy-of-Claims-Evidence-Reasoning-1.png? resize=300,200 300w" sizes="(max-width: 600px) 100vw, 600px" data-jpibfi-post-excerpt="" data-jpibfi-post-url=" data-jpibfi-post-title="My Favorite Lesson Plan for Teaching Claim, Evidence, and Reasoning" data-jpibfi-src="https://i0com/teacheroffduty.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/Copy-of-Claims-Evidence-Reasoning-1.png? You gotta have it all in order for your reader to stay with you.” Sometimes, as I’m explaining this, I even act it out with a back pack and a chair to make it even more visual.Do this together for two commercials and then let them try two commercials on their own. With this worksheet, students will reflect on their favorite and least favorite commercials and on the persuasive techniques used by advertisers.Then students will write down persuasive techniques that could be used to improve the commercials.I act out sitting in the chair (for stating your claim), putting on one strap (for introducing evidence), and putting on the other strap (for using reasoning to connect it back to the claim).After introducing the comment, I also like to give an example argument for students as I’m acting it out so they can start identifying each part of the argument. I like to follow it up with verbal arguments with an activity like philosophical chairs so students can have repeated opportunities to both hear examples of arguments and try them themselves.You might also want to show some of the Super Bowl commercials that are available as You Tube videos.Important Note: When I first started teaching this lesson, I had to record the Super Bowl on my VCR and show the commercials in class using videotape.When teaching advertising to primary students, I focus students' attention on the writing strategies utilized to entice consumers.Begin the persuasive writing lesson by asking students to think about some of their favorite Super Bowl commercials. What in the commercials specifically resonated with them? For students who didn’t watch the Super Bowl, ask them to think about their favorite commercials on TV.With all of the hype that surrounds the Super Bowl commercials, you can't help but be intrigued about seeing what the advertising executives will invent to entice consumers.I turn that enthusiasm into something educational with an advertising-inspired, persuasive writing lesson.