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Governments had steadily extended entitlements over decades, allowing dangerous levels of debt to develop, and politicians came to believe that they had abolished boom-bust cycles and tamed risk.
Even in established democracies, flaws in the system have become worryingly visible and disillusion with politics is rife.
Yet just a few years ago democracy looked as though it would dominate the world.
The progress seen in the late 20th century has stalled in the 21st.
Even though around 40% of the world’s population, more people than ever before, live in countries that will hold free and fair elections this year, democracy’s global advance has come to a halt, and may even have gone into reverse.
Freedom House reckons that 2013 was the eighth consecutive year in which global freedom declined, and that its forward march peaked around the beginning of the century.
Research Paper Publications - 1920s Essay Conclusion
Between 19 the cause of democracy experienced only a few setbacks, but since 2000 there have been many.THE protesters who have overturned the politics of Ukraine have many aspirations for their country.Their placards called for closer relations with the European Union (EU), an end to Russian intervention in Ukraine’s politics and the establishment of a clean government to replace the kleptocracy of President Viktor Yanukovych. Democracies are on average richer than non-democracies, are less likely to go to war and have a better record of fighting corruption.And within the West, democracy has too often become associated with debt and dysfunction at home and overreach abroad.Democracy has always had its critics, but now old doubts are being treated with renewed respect as the weaknesses of democracy in its Western strongholds, and the fragility of its influence elsewhere, have become increasingly apparent. THE two main reasons are the financial crisis of 2007-08 and the rise of China.This is what happened in much of the Arab spring, and also in Ukraine’s Orange revolution a decade ago.In 2004 Mr Yanukovych was ousted from office by vast street protests, only to be re-elected to the presidency (with the help of huge amounts of Russian money) in 2010, after the opposition politicians who replaced him turned out to be just as hopeless. Where autocrats have been driven out of office, their opponents have mostly failed to create viable democratic regimes.And democracy’s problems run deeper than mere numbers suggest.Many nominal democracies have slid towards autocracy, maintaining the outward appearance of democracy through elections, but without the rights and institutions that are equally important aspects of a functioning democratic system.But their fundamental demand is one that has motivated people over many decades to take a stand against corrupt, abusive and autocratic governments. More fundamentally, democracy lets people speak their minds and shape their own and their children’s futures.That so many people in so many different parts of the world are prepared to risk so much for this idea is testimony to its enduring appeal.